Founded in 1519 as the Villa of San Cristóbal de La Habana, it is the capital of Cuba and the country’s main tourist destination.
More than a century ago, the Villa was threatened by corsairs and pirates. In reply to this menace many defensive castles, walls, towers and other buildings were constructed, whose names today are familiar among the population: La Fuerza, El Morro, La Cabaña, La Chorrera, Cojímar, La Punta.
With the La Giraldilla as an identifying symbol, Havana City was baptised by the writer Alejo Carpentier as the City of the Columns. It occupies a surface area of 727 square kilometres with a population of over two million people in its fifteen municipalities.
In its entire northern coastline there are dozens of beautiful beaches, as well as several rivers.
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