The Sierra is found to the south of the province of Granma and is the highest mountain chain in Cuban geography. The peak of the Turquino mountain (pico real del Turquino) is 1730 metres above sea level. The Sierra is the birthplace of the province’s most important rivers, among them El Cauto, the longest of the Cuban rivers, together with others such as Cautillo, Contramaestre, Bayamo, Guisa, Guamá, all forming part of the extensive Cauto basin.
In the southern area of the Sierra, are the deltas of Mota and Macío. The Delta of the Cauto River, a refuge for the flora and fauna that inhabits it, is some 70 kilometres from Bayamo. It was declared a Ramsar site, an environmental category for humidness of UNESCO. It covers some 61 700 hectares. Enormous extensions of mangrove swamps and swamp grasslands are characteristic of this area.
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