TURQUINO ROYAL PEAK (PICO REAL DEL TURQUINO)
Declared a National Monument, its summit is 1 974 metres above sea level, a part of the mountain massif of the Sierra Maestra and it is the highest elevation in the country. This mountain scenario covers some 17 450 hectares in the provinces of Santiago de Cuba and Granma. Where many native species dwell among the rivers, forests, abundant flora and fauna.
The area was the main operations theatre of the struggle that Fidel Castro at the head of the Rebel Army (Ejército Rebelde) waged for over 25 months against the dictator Fulgencio Batista. On the summit, there is a bust of the National Cuban Hero José Martí and on the accompanying plaque, some words of the Teacher: Scarce as the mountains are, are the men who know how to gaze from them and feel within themselves their nation or humanity.
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